Glendenning says the onus lies initially with the architect, and then the specifier, to recommend the most suitable products and standards required: "Responsibility cascades through the supply chain to the manufacturer, the installer of the products, and the officers auditing quality and safety through to sign-off.

"The fire engineer or consultant should also be factored in earlier rather than later by the project design team, and this is where problems can emerge.

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"If the fire engineer is called in to assess fire safety when the project is at an advanced stage and the solution has to be retrofitted, then this can be too late." 

Where steel fabricators are concerned, Glendenning explains, fire protection and other safety measures can effectively be incorporated "early in the development of the design", taking into consideration the material, the structural design's requirements, and its fire design, in addition to elements such as cellular beams. Moreover, the fire protection contractor's choice to work on-site or off-site must also be factored into fire safety processes. 

During handover as well, it must be checked that the development's "design and specification meet the required level of compliance [...] with all necessary certificates and approvals". 

Glendenning adds: "Only when this process has been completed can we know that the necessary steps have been taken.

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"We would like to see more formal, prescriptive guidance for the supply chain, which ensures there is collaboration between the various professionals.

"The whole supply chain has a part to play, and we should all accept our responsibilities with due care."